July 3

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Garmisch Partenkirchen – … in the “Golden Country”

By Frank

July 3, 2020



Green Meadows . clear water . Surrounded by the impressive Bavarian Alps.


The Werdenfelser Land, also " Goldenes Landl" , describes the alpine holiday landscape . The "Goldenes Landl" stretches from Mittenwald to Farchant and forms a landscape straight out of a picture book. It is not for nothing that Bavaria's fairytale king called Ludwig II . his favorite place "Goldenes Landl".




Aha! Cool...


Roman travel station on the Via Claudia

The first traces of human settlement in the region date back to the Neolithic Age (approx. 4000 years ago). The region has always been important because of its location on the travel route from Italy to the Danube. In Roman times, the Partanum travel station was located on the site of today's Partenkirchen - this was on the Via Claudia Roman road .

The settlement of the Loisachtal by the Bavarians dates back to the 7th century . Garmisch was first mentioned in 802 as " Geramreskauue ", Partenkirchen in 1130 as "Barthinichiirchen" . In 1924 the entire county of Werdenfelser Land became the property of the Bishopric of Freising . This was not to change until secularization in 1802.



Crossing the Alps for connoisseurs on the "Via Claudia"

In the High Middle Ages , Partenkirchen was an important station on the way to Italy for the Fugger and Welser family. This resulted in an economic boom; the place flourished as a travel and trading station between Augsburg and Venice.

Today, the Alpencross on the "Via Claudia" is a popular route across the Alps. The route leads from Grainau near Garmisch over the Fern Pass, through the Inn Valley , over the Reschen Pass , through the fantastically beautiful Vinschgau and the Adige Valley to Lake Garda and thus follows the old Roman road Via Claudia Augusta, which has been developed into a cycle route. Beautifully scenic , technically easy Transalp .



Active relaxation

Really clear your head . Switch your thoughts to flow. Take: idyllic mountain paths , lush green meadows and crystal-clear mountain lakes . Alternatively: powdery white snow, majestic peaks and wintry silence. Add a sporting activity of your choice – and the seductive holiday cocktail is ready!

In Garmisch-Partenkirchen, the door and gate is open to active relaxation all year round - regardless of whether you find it hiking or skiing , cycling or cross-country skiing, golfing or touring. With every minute you feel a bit lighter. Maybe it's the everyday worries that tumble off your shoulders with every step you take? What you take home with you: a backpack full of unforgettable holiday memories !

Active relaxation




Tourist magnet Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Around a million tourists spend their holidays in the district of Garmisch Partenkirchen every year. Above all, the wonderful nature and traditional charm of the region make Garmisch-Partenkirchen a popular travel destination . In 2018 there were 53,000 Arab overnight guests, around 49,000 visitors from the USA and 38,000 people from the UK in Garmisch.




Merging of Garmisch and Partenkirchen?

The final basis for the merging of the two communities did not come about until January 1st , 1935, because in 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen was supposed to host the fourth Olympic Winter Games .

King Ludwig II had already thought about a merger , because he often mentioned the formation of the "Stadt Werdenfels ". But because of the different views of the two communities, this has always remained unrealistic.




Unbelievable

 

"Olympia" 1936 and the merger

Oh yes - there were dissenting votes during the amalgamation (forced association) in 1935 , but action was taken against them with threats of being sent to the Dachau concentration camp .

To this day , the 26,000-strong community has no city rights , so the market in Garmisch-Partenkirchen is, strictly speaking, still a village. The division into Garmisch and Partenkirchen is still carefully maintained by the long-established locals today ...

The chamois buck on the lederhosen is a traditional Garmisch sign, while the real Partenkirchner can be recognized by the oak leaves on his jacket lapels pointing downwards .

In terms of dialect, there are also small but subtle differences in the two districts, for example 1 liter of beer with lemonade is poured as "A Ral e -Mass" in Garmisch, while in Partenkirchen it is poured as "A Ral a -Mass" . ????

Leather pants with knife



What is there to see?


The ski jump

By now, everyone should know the ski jump in Garmisch-Partenkirchen from the annual New Year's competition . In Germany alone, ARD now has 7 million viewers . More than 100 million viewers around the world watch ski jumping on New Year's Day .

Partenkirchen from the ski jump

After Germany was excluded from hosting the Olympic Games for many years due to World War I, Berlin received the right to host the XI. Summer Olympics for 1936 . The rights at the time also allowed the host country to propose a location for the Winter Olympics. The choice of the IV Olympic Winter Games fell on the German winter sports resort of Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

An impressive wooden construction was erected in the form of a new Olympic ski jump, which had a 43m high and 5m wide inrun tower. On February 16, 1936, the final day, more than 130,000 spectators followed the events. A record that remains unbroken to this day. The Olympic Stadium , which can still be visited today, was built for the planned Olympics in 1940 .

In 1950 the old wooden structure was demolished and replaced by a new, modern steel structure . In 1978 the ski jump was rebuilt again and the K point was extended to 107 meters . In 2007 the hill was blown up again because the hill certificate no longer met the FIS criteria.

Work began under great time pressure in order to be able to complete the new futuristic K125 ski jump in time for the New Year's competition in 2008 for about 14 million euros.



"Bet That..." Show (Feb. 2019)

At the "Wetten dass" show in 2019, Toni Roßberger ( from Penzberg) fell off the large ski jump in Garmisch-Partenkirchen with his motocross machine and landed after 80 meters . It was a perfect jump with a perfect landing , everything looked so playful. 18.6 million people glued to the screen and witnessed how the young Penzberger became a national celebrity overnight.

Distances of this magnitude were achieved by ski jumpers on skis in the 1930s ... (in 2008 the hill record on skis was set by Gregor Schliernzauer with 141 meters)

This world record almost didn't come about because the motorcycle broke down while the show was already on . Without further ado, the replacement machine had to be used, nobody could assess the risk. But everything went well...




Lüftlmalerei - facade art based on traditional craftsmanship


Air painting in Garmisch

Large pictures shine from the old house walls. They tell stories of traditional life and the deeply rooted beliefs of the villagers: woodworkers and raftsmen go about their hard work, St. Christopher carries the baby Jesus across the river and there is extensive celebration at a cheerful pub scene.

Lüftlmalerei is a popular variant of the sham painting from the Baroque . The pictures are applied to the fresh lime plaster on the house wall using a fresco technique . In a chemical reaction , the colors "silicify" with the plaster and make the pictures weatherproof and durable for a long time .

The traditional Lüftlmalerei works with mineral colors and mostly depicts rural and religious motifs , as was customary in the 18th century. But we can also describe works like those at the Rhenish court as Lüftlmalerei," he says. "They just don't last as long as the pictures from back then, thanks to modern plastering and coloring techniques."



"Indian Summer"

Indian Summer, Grainau; Source: Kreisbote

You don't necessarily have to go to America or Canada to experience an " Indian Summer ". The autumnal color spectacle can also be experienced and enjoyed while hiking in the " Goldenes Landl ".

At the foot of the Zugspitze, the red-golden crowns of the gnarled maple and chestnut trees shine out of the green of the mountain forest in October.



Partnachklamm - fascinating gorge!

In 1912 the Partnach Gorge was opened up for tourism . The Partnachklamm is one of the most impressive gorges in the Bavarian Alps, attracting more than 200,000 visitors every year. Over a length of 700 meters , the Partnach - fed, among other things, by meltwater from the Schneeferner Glacier - cuts through mighty layers of rock. These formed around 240 million years ago in a shallow sea.

Patnachklamm

The walls of the gorge rise up to 80 meters , and at the end of the gorge the view of the mighty Wetterstein massif opens up. The Partnachklamm can be accessed all year round through tunnels and passages blasted into the rock. From a bridge stretched 68 meters above the river, you can look down into the foaming waters .


The Partnach Gorge is considered one of the most beautiful natural monuments in Bavaria.





Marienplatz 2

82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen




About the author

It is more valuable to experience a place in detail than many small impressions of an incomprehensible whole.

Genius Loci - discovering, capturing and experiencing the spirit of a place. Perceive - understand - enjoy!

As a graduate industrial engineer with an additional MBA degree from a renowned university in England (EMBA, EQUIS and AACSB accredited), I have been showing other, often surprising, paths to success for more than 30 years at C-Level (Head of Marketing and Sales worldwide).

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